English adjectives can often be confusing especially when they end in ~ed or ~ing but don't worry let's review these adjectives now!
Remember an adjective is used to describe things, situations and people.
What's the difference between....
- bored and boring
- frightened and frightening
- relaxed and relaxing
- confused and confusing
- annoyed and annoying
- interested and interesting
- tired and tiring
- worried and worrying
- excited and exciting
Explanation for ~ed adjectives
~ed adjectives generally describe emotions and tell us how people feel. For example:
- I was so bored during the film that I fell asleep.
- Lindsay was surprised to see Alex after all those months.
- Laura was really tired and so went to bed early.
Explanation for ~ing adjectives
~ing adjectives usually describe the thing that causes the emotion. For example:
- That film is really boring. Don't go and see it.
- I could listen to radio 4 for hours. It's so interesting.
- Snakes are frightening.