Questions in English often use forms of the main auxiliary verbs: to be - to have - to do.
When asking questions, it is important to focus on word order and to remember to use an auxiliary form.
Yes/ No questions: These questions expect an answer with at least 'Yes' or 'No'. They can also be called 'closed' questions.
- Are you on holiday? Yes (I am)
- Have you been here long? No (only 2 days)
- Do you like chocolate? Yes (I do) / No (I don't)
Yes/No questions using the Present Simple and Past Simple
We use the auxiliary forms do/does or did when asking questions in the Present or Past Simple.
- Did you visit Scotland in September? Yes (I did)
- Do they work hard at school? No (they don't)
- Does she study a lot? Yes (she usually does)
* All other tense forms use inversion of the subject and auxiliary verb when asking a question.
- Have you had dinner yet? No (not yet)
- Are you going to Paris in June? Yes (I am)
Wh-questions use the question words: what, when, which, who, whose, why and how etc. These words are at the beginning of the sentence. Wh-questions are called 'open' questions because there are many ways of answering them.
- Where are they going? To the supermarket
- Why have you been working so hard? Because my deadline is tomorrow
- When did she arrive? Three days ago
- Who is he seeing tomorrow? His boss
- What are we doing for your birthday? Let's eat out