The answer is, of course, all of the above. There is one other factor which is perhaps the most important of all ... good speaking and listening skills!

In the digital age it has never been easier to practise and improve your speaking and listening skills. The internet is packed with helpful websites and videos and ECS Scotland have selected the best of these to make it easier for you to develop your communication skills in English.

One method is called the Imitation Technique and is the subject of the following video.

  • 1. Find another youtube video listen and read the text at the same time
  • 2. Copy the exact pronunciation, stress, pausing and intonation of the speaker
  • 3. Now, play the video again but this time without reading and imitate the speaker

To read more about ways to sound more natural and fluent